An overview of the book of Matthew
AUTHOR: MATTHEW, whose original name was Levi.
THEME: “Jesus Is the King of the Jews.”
Matthew was a Jew from Galilee who wrote the book that shows Jesus as King of the Jews. This is why there are 65 references to the Old Testament.
Some have broken down the book in a simple outline.
Matthew shows Jesus as: Prince (1-12) Prophet (13-23) Priest (24-28)
In the 1st verse of Matthew, The LORD Jesus is also shown to have a relationship with two covenants.
Kingdom of Heaven – 32 times
Fulfilled – 17 times
DATE: 57 A.D.
INTRODUCTION: The Old Testament closes with the book of Malachi who was the last prophet to speak on behalf of God prior to the coming of the Messiah. For 400 years, the voice of God was silent. Finally, His voice is once again heard through the volcanic preaching of John the Baptist. His message? (Matt. 3:2) –Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. In Gen. 3:15, we hear for the first time the good news of salvation mentioned. And now, finally, Messiah is coming to the earth.
The greatest doctrine of the 1611 Authorized King James Bible is when the main Person of the Bible is crowned King of kings and Lord of lords, the Lord Jesus (Luke 24:25-27; Rev. 19:11-16). The first four books of the New Testament focus upon the earthly ministry of the Lord Jesus. Matthew focused on the King of the Jews (Matt. 2:2). Mark focused on the servant of the Lord (Mark 10:45). Luke concentrated on the humanity of Jesus (Luke 19:10) and John concentrated on the deity of the Saviour of mankind (John 20:30-31).
These books constitute a transition from the Old Testament in the New Testament. The three main transitional books are Matthew, Acts and Hebrews. These books are dangerous to rest upon for doctrinal issues. The book of Matthew operated under the Mosiac Law until the death of Christ (Matt. 27:50; Heb. 9:16-17). The Lord prophesied that both kingdoms were at hand, but this was conditional upon the acceptance of the Messiah by the people of Israel (Matt. 11:12-14; 17:10-13). The Messiah was rejected and crucified. During the crucifixion the Saviour petitioned the Father to forgive the Jews. The LORD answered that prayer and gave the Jews another opportunity to receive their Messiah in the book of Acts. As the book of Deuteronomy refers to a second giving of the Law so the book of Acts refers to the second opportunity for the Jews to accept their Messiah (Acts 2:36; 3:14; 4:10-12; 7:51-53). The Jews as a whole rejected the Messiah again; therefore, the book of Acts records the transition from the Jews to the Gentiles (Acts 28:25-28). The book of Acts also records the transitions from Israel to the church, from Peter to Paul, and from Jerusalem to Antioch.
Each of the four Gospels was written to show Jesus in a different light. For example, if my son wrote a book about me, he would show me as a father. If my wife wrote my life story, she would show me as a husband. If another Preacher wrote a book about me, he would how him as a fellow worker. Had my Mom written a book about me, she would have pictured me as a son. It is like a diamond being looked at from four different angles. The reflection of light would cause it to glisten beautifully a different way from each angle but it would be the same diamond. Hence, the LORD inspired four different men writing about the life of Christ. Each of the four gospels, though appearing to be repetitive, actually give four different glimpses of the same Savior.
Matthew – presents the Messiah as the KING. The book was written by Levi, the tax-collector to the Jewish or Hebrew people with the main purpose of proving to them that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah. Today, the major obstacle to the Jewish people is their unwillingness to accept Him as the promised Messiah.
Mark – presents Jesus the Messiah as the SERVANT. You will not find a genealogy in this book because a servant doesn’t need one. It was written to the Romans.
Luke – presents the Messiah as the SON OF MAN or as the perfect man. This book was written to the Greeks.
John – presents the Messiah as the SON OF GOD or as God Himself This gospel was written to all the world.
The Gospels are 48% of the New Testament
The Synoptic Gospels
Matthew, Mark and Luke are “Synoptic.” “Syn” – together, “optic” – seen Synoptic – Seen together
John is unique
|Unique to itself||Similar to the others|
Only 3 Events Are Found In All Four Gospels
THEME – “JESUS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” Matthew constantly keeps before his people the Old Testament Scriptures showing that Jesus is the Messiah and the King. His genealogy, for example, takes Jesus back through the kingly route to David. He constantly refers to the Old Testament in an effort to prove that Jesus is the Messiah predicted in the Old Testament. He refers to the Old Testament Scriptures about 100 times. He refers to the prophets about 50 times. His writings are bound in statements to show that Jesus fulfilled the prophetical Scriptures. The Jew would require such a procedure and in this manner only could the Messianic claims of our Lord be established.
Thus his words and works furnish the proof that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah. Hence, he constantly speaks of the Kingdom. He speaks of the Gospel of the Kingdom. In the training of the twelve, Jesus presented the law of the Kingdom. By parables He spoke of the progress of the Kingdom. By including many details, Matthew proves that our Lord is the promised King.
Because of this unique purpose1 Matthew omits many things that Luke, Mark, or John include. For example, the Gospel of Luke is written to show Jesus as the Son of Man. Since Matthew is written to show Him as the King, Matthew omits such stories as the annunciation to Mary, Mary’s visit to Elisabeth, the birth of John the Baptist, the appearing of the angels to the shepherds, the circumcision and presentation of Jesus at the temple, Jesus’ visit to Jerusalem at the age of twelve, and the early years in Nazareth. Matthew is not presenting Him as a man; he is presenting Him as the Jewish King, the Messiah to the Jews.
III. THE PRACTICAL TEACHINGS OF MATTHEW. Matthew 5, 6 and 7. The Sermon on the Mount is given to show us the constitution of the Kingdom of Heaven when Jesus reigns during the Millennium but there are many beautiful truths and principles that can by taken from it to use now while we are in the Kingdom of God. Matthew is telling us that the life lived for Christ in the New Testament should exceed the legalism of the Old Testament. He urges us to go farther than the Old Testament saint. Let us notice some key verses.
CONCLUSION: The entire book is simply showing that Jesus is the Messiah and teaching us now that He has come, we are to go far beyond the Old Testament manner of life. Let us realize that grace should motivate us to do more than the law.
OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF MATTHEW
He came to display grace to an undeserving world.
In ch. 1, we find the genealogy mentioned which appears dry and
boring. However, one will notice the mentioning of 4 women which was unheard of in a Jewish genealogy.
Why would God include these 4 women in the genealogy of a King? In order to demonstrate His grace! If God can use someone involved in incest, a harlot, an adulterer, and a woman from a vile and wicked people then God can use anyone.
He came to fulfill Scripture.
Matt 1:22‑23 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Jesus had to come as He did and when He did or the Bible would have been violated and God made a liar.
He came to please His Father.
Matt 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
What would please the Father more than anything in the world? The restoration of man’s fellowship!
He came to reveal His Father.
Matt 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
Jesus Christ came to bring light into a dark world temporarily held in the grips of Satan.
When the King stepped down from heaven to scatter the darkness of sin’ what happened? (John 1:4-5) – “In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.”
His teaching. (Matt. 5:7-29)
Matt 5:13‑14 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his
savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.
Here, the individual Christian is referred to as salt and light. Salt helps to prevent spoilage. The world is slowly corrupting and decaying. It is becoming rotten with sin yet a Christian can slow down this decaying by their presence.
How are we to be a light? It is every person’s responsibility to help someone who is still lost in darkness by knowing how to share the gospel and doing what you know.
Matt 6:21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
One of the greatest stumbling blocks in the Christian’s life will be over money. That’s why Christ said more about money than about heaven and hell put together.
But notice, it isn’t money that is the problem – it is the affection or love for it.
Matt 6:34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.
It boils down to this. Either trust God and quit worrying or try to run your own life and worry if it will turn out right. Rom. 14:23 – whatsoever is not of faith is sin.
Matt 7:21‑23 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into
the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
These people were religious but lost. They knew Christ, they performed miracles and great works and were shocked when they were not allowed into heaven.
A person’s assurance of salvation can’t be based upon knowing who Jesus is (the devils know that) or upon anything they have done. Salvation is based only upon what Christ did, and our willingness to accept His “one way to heaven” (found in Rom. 10:13).
His healing. (Matt. 8:1-9:38)
Jesus demonstrated His Sovereignty in healing by only healing certain people. He healed a leper, a servant, a mother-in-law, and a palsied man.
Why didn’t Jesus heal everyone who was sick all over the world at the same time? Because He has a purpose for every healing and a purpose for every person not healed.
Thousands must have received healing during the lifetime of Christ, but the one thing that consumed Him was not their physical problems, but their spiritual. (Matt. 9:35-36) – And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, an preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.
His Disciples. (Matt. 10:1-42)
They were given power.
Matthew 10:1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.
Jesus sets forth a wonderful principle here in that if He has called you to a task, He will empower you and enable you to perform that task. With the job comes the ability to complete the job.
They were given provision.
Matt 10:10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.
#1 – It is the responsibility of the people to take care of the workman – the preacher.
#2 – It is the responsibility of the workman to trust the Lord to provide his needs.
Matt 10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.
(1) I’m sure they would rather have been given power to call down fire from heaven! But Christ had to evade His enemies during many of His conflicts.
Matt 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not
able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
(1) As we look back to the beginning of this chapter,
we recall that these disciples were given power to HELP, but not to defend themselves. Their defense was to be of the Lord!
HIS RECEPTION. (Matt. 11:1-12:50)
He was doubted by John the Baptist.
Matt 11:3 And said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?
This brings out 2 important truths:
(1) From Jesus’ perspective, it clearly shows the failure of even the best of people. John the Baptist was in a position to know the Scriptures, to have seen the visible sign of the dove, and to have heard the voice from heaven – but he still had doubts.
(2) From John’s viewpoint, he provides us with a good example. When he was faced with doubt, he didn’t ask a friend but rather he brought his doubts to the Lord.
He was rejected by the privileged cities.
Matt 11:20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not:
These cities accurately picture our world and society today. Many people, saved and lost, are only interested in Jesus the miracle worker but aren’t willing or wanting to accept Him as their King – the Supreme ruler of their lives!
He was received by the crippled but rejected by the healthy.
Jesus healed the man with the withered hand (Matt. 12:13) and the demoniac (Matt. 12:22) but was rejected by the Pharisees!
The spiritual lesson is that Jesus can’t heal our broken spiritual condition unless we see our need.
HIS PARABLES. (Matt. 13)
In this chapter we find Christ describing the effect of the gospel in the world till the time of His return and then into His millennial reign.
These parables basically give the same picture of “professing” Christianity versus true Christianity in the world.
There will be a mixture of thorns and fruit, Parable of the sower tares and wheat, Parable of the tares various birds lodging in a single tree, parable of the mustard seed, leaven and dough, parable of the leaven bad fish and good fish, parable of the drag-net. (Matt. 13:22-47)
All of these simply teach the fact that the millennial kingdom will be composed of both saved and lost, as will the church.
HIS REVELATION. (Matt. 14:1-17:27)
HIS SACRIFICE. (Matt. 23-27)
Herodians. This group was a political organization who desired an earthly king of power and might.
Sadducees. This group was a religious organization composed of liberals who denied the resurrection.
Pharisees. The Pharisees were a religious group whose ultra-conservatism was twisted into deadly legalism.
Was predicted by Scripture.
(Matt. 26:24) – “The Son of man goeth as it is written of him.”
(Ps. 22) – called the “Crucifixion Psalm” describes His agony in detail. (Ps. 22:14-17)
(Isa. 53) – portrays the brutal, sacrifice made by Christ. (Isa. 53:5-7)
Was pleasing to His Father.
(Matt. 26:39) – “Nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.”
(Matt. 26:42) – “Thy will be done.”
Was puzzling to Pontius Pilate.
Matt 27:22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
When the King is presented, everyone must make a choice – either He reigns in your life, or He is rejected in place of yourself!